A macroeconomic perspective of pakistans transport sector

Exceptions to this approach exist for the following disclosures, if applicable to jurisdiction: These ceilings act as a cap on the ratings that can be assigned to the obligations of other entities domiciled in the country. The resulting reduction in external vulnerabilities would support Pakistan's credit profile.

Moreover, the fiscal costs related to the project and, more generally, development spending could raise Pakistan's debt burden more rapidly and significantly than we expect. For any affected securities or rated entities receiving direct credit support from the primary entity ies of this credit rating action, and whose ratings may change as a result of this credit rating action, the associated regulatory disclosures will be those of the guarantor entity.

Meanwhile, political event risk remains high in Pakistan, due to recurrent terrorist attacks. As a net oil importer, Pakistan has benefited from lower global oil prices, but the uptick in prices last year, combined with an increase in imported CPEC capital goods, widened the trade deficit.

However, while Moody's believes this to be the central bank's medium-term objective, we expect any shift in exchange rate management to be gradual, as the government will likely want to avoid abrupt currency and other price movements, in particular in advance of the general election.

Greater exchange rate flexibility would contribute to a more durable accumulation of foreign exchange reserves over time, which would help to strengthen external buffers and export competitiveness. Repossession laws have been strengthened and repossession of automobiles or houses has become much easier for the banks and liquidate their collaterals against which the loans have been given.

Moody's expects the debt burden to remain broadly stable over the next two years. Therefore, while the CPEC will support Pakistan's credit profile, Moody's expects the economic impact to materialize more slowly than the government envisions, resulting in real GDP growth closer to 5.

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In addition, foreign exchange reserve adequacy, albeit stronger than a few years ago, would still be vulnerable to any significant increase in imports. Persistent political and macroeconomic stability which has helped restore investor confidence and attracted domestic and foreign capital2.

While further progress would be challenging, as fiscal metrics remain weak and reserve adequacy is relatively fragile, baseline assumption is that the steps that the authorities have taken in the last years will not be reversed. Domestic politics and geopolitical risk also continue to represent a significant constraint on the rating.

Pakistans Financial sector

In addition, worker remittance inflows from abroad, which amount to nearly 7. The systemic risk in which the issuer operates has not materially changed. However, despite relatively disciplined spending, revenue collection has fallen short of the target in the first half of this fiscal year.

It is estimated that the average cost of processing a cheque is around Rs. There has been exceptional growth in the profitability and efficiency of the financial services industry. In addition, foreign exchange reserve adequacy, albeit stronger than a few years ago, would still be vulnerable to any significant increase in imports.

Issues - 2The recent global financial market turmoil and the current privately-owned structure of the domestic banking system, highlight the need for a financial safety net to deal with contagion and systemic risks.

Growth momentum and imbalances in Pakistan’s economy

Moody's expects the fiscal deficit to widen to about 4. Continued government commitment to reform implementation will help to reinforce fiscal and monetary discipline, was preserving recent macroeconomic stability gains, the report added.

Last five years the banks have been asked to earmark reserves of 1. Large fiscal deficits and a reliance on short-term debt have also contributed to very high gross borrowing requirements.

Domestic politics and geo-political risk also continue to represent a significant constraint on the rating. From a macroeconomic stability perspective, the IMF program succeeded in fostering fiscal deficit reduction, more rigorous inflation management and the rebuilding of foreign exchange reserves.

Pakistan's Ba3 local currency bond and deposit ceilings remain unchanged. The Pakistani rupee has retraced much of its recent depreciation. For provisional ratings, this announcement provides certain regulatory disclosures in relation to the provisional rating assigned, and in relation to a definitive rating that may be assigned subsequent to the final issuance of the debt, in each case where the transaction structure and terms have not changed prior to the assignment of the definitive rating in a manner that would have affected the rating.

Please see the Rating Methodologies page on www. The principal methodology used in these ratings was Sovereign Bond Ratings published in December Cost Income ratios have therefore fallen FourthAccess to banking services broadened to middle and lower middle income groups.

SME financing, mortgage loans, automobile leasing, personal loans etc. Meanwhile, successful implementation of the CPEC project has the potential to transform the Pakistani economy by removing infrastructure bottlenecks, and stimulating both foreign and domestic investment.

The B2 foreign currency bond ceiling and the Caa1 foreign currency deposit ceiling are also unchanged. Jul 11,  · Moody's affirms Pakistan's B3 rating, maintains stable outlook. 11 Jul New York, July 11, -- Moody's Investors Service ("Moody's") has today affirmed the Government of Pakistan's B3 issuer and senior unsecured ratings, and maintained a stable outlook.

From a macroeconomic stability perspective, the IMF program succeeded. From a macroeconomic stability perspective, the IMF program succeeded in fostering fiscal deficit reduction, more rigorous inflation management and the rebuilding of foreign exchange reserves.

particularly in power and transport infrastructure, and by catalyzing private sector investment, it claims. macroeconomic and social conditions to minimize external risks. Internationally integrated financial sector that supports competitiveness.

A well-developed infrastructure with availability of natural resources; a functional business system, information technology, transport, communication and an educated skilled labour force that promotes. Pakistans financial sectors scope and scale The liberalization and deregulation of the financial sector has helped transfer the banking sectors majority ownership to the private michaelferrisjr.com has been exceptional growth in the profitability and efficiency of the financial services industry.

ECONOMIC COST OF TERRORISM: A CASE STUDY OF PAKISTAN terrorism in Pakistan in a multi-dimensional perspective.

Moody’s maintains stable outlook, affirms Pakistan’s B3 rating

While highlighting the impact of account the impact on FDI and tourism, along with the social sector. Cost of terrorism: an assessment Assessing the economic cost of terrorism is a very difficult exercise.

The terrorist. All the encouraging trends in real sector, like improvement in energy supplies, industrial expansion, and rising consumer spending, triggered a surge in the demand for imports, which grew by %.

A macroeconomic perspective of pakistans transport sector
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